As every compliance practitioner is well aware, third parties still present the highest risk under the FCPA. The Evaluation of Corporate Compliance Programs – Guidance Document (2019 Guidance) devotes an entire prong to third-party management. It begins with the following: A well-designed compliance program should apply risk-based due diligence to its third-party relationships.  Although the degree of appropriate due diligence may vary based on the size and nature of the company or transaction, prosecutors should assess the extent to which the company has an understanding of the qualifications and associations of third-party partners, including the agents, consultants, and distributors that are commonly used to conceal misconduct, such as the payment of bribes to foreign officials in international business transactions. 

This clearly specifies that the DOJ expects an integrated approach that is operationalized throughout the company. This means you must have a process for the full life cycle of third-party risk management. There are five steps in the life cycle of third-party risk management, which will fulfill the DOJ requirements as laid out in the 2012 FCPA Guidance and in the Ten Hallmarks of an Effective Compliance Program. They five steps in the lifecycle of third-party management are:

  1. Business Justification;
  2. Questionnaire to Third-party;
  3. Due Diligence on Third-party;
  4. Compliance Terms and Conditions, including payment terms; and
  5. Management and Oversight of Third Parties After Contract Signing.

Three key takeaways:

  1. Use the full 5-step process for third party management.
  2. Make sure you have business development involvement and buy-in.
  3. Operationalize all steps going forward by including business unit representatives.